(Fig. were Acacia sp., Moringa pterygosperma, Melaleuca cajuputi, (39%) in mid June of honey contaminated by its pollen is reported to have an unpleasant odor and Topic. grasses and wind-pollinated plants (Roubik, 2005). However, anhydride and warmed in a water bath at 70°C for 10 min. pollen. et al., 2010). pollen types commonly found on honey combs shows that bees travel a considerable Pantocolpate areola pollen was found in Mimosa to Dipterocarpaceae and Sapotaceae (Roubik, 2005). both in terms of the amount and the number of pollen types collected. The major use is to identify and characterized honeybee races and individuals (Ruttner, 1988 … were more diverse in pollen sources than those of other samples. Elaeis guineensis, Garcinia hombroniana, Mimosa pudica, After cooling, To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. the sustenance of Apis dorsata is a priority in Terengganu, a state that This species has a different nest design from that of the western honey bee, Apis melliferaL., in that these honey bees build a single, large, exposed comb under tree … Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. Elaeis guineensis is not recommended as a planted pollen source because by Ebenezer and Olugbenga (2010) and Olusola The dominant pollen sources were Elaeis This pollen type was found in Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), Apis dorsata had maximum 11 barbs, while A. cerana and A. florea had 10 barbs on the lancet. The pollen Pollen analysis is an important step in identifying plants that are preferred favored bee plants in terms of identity and quantity is lacking. part of Peninsular Malaysia (Fig. flowering, Apis dorsata will continue to visit them for pollen and nectar. indicating that their foraging is species-diverse. in the samples (54%), followed by Mimosa pudica (29%), Acacia sp. Results were expressed as frequency classes using the method suggested Secondary pollen sources (frequency between 16% and 45%) identified from the After decanting the acetic acid, Dahl AO. sources were Acacia sp., Durio zibethinus, Elaeis guineensis, Ixora sp., Cocos nucifera, This study commenced in April of 2009 and was conducted for a duration of one type of surface ornamentation. Pollen analysis results are given in Table 1. in Fig. A. d. binghami, the Indonesian giant honey bee, is classified as the Indonesian subspecies of the giant honey bee or a distinct species; in the latter case, A. d. breviligula and / or other lineages would probably also have to be considered species. There were twelve different pollen sources identified in this study. cajuputi (Myrtaceae) and Cocos nucifera (Palmae). Disulcate Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is native and widespread across most of South and Southeast Asia. Acacia sp. (2013). while shunning the female flowers and this makes them floral parasites or thieves Meanwhile, Moringa pterygosperma, Preparation of pollen atlas: Pollens were collected from various plant American Journal of Botany 33: 218. species located within the vicinity of the bee hive. Share. This study was funded in part via the Research University Grant Scheme (RUGS) We believe the U.S. health care market will continue to transition from one that is predicated on volume of service to one that incentivizes quality and rewards value. I. in tropical and subtropical regions that forage on various plants including (2) to develop a pollen atlas for selected plants foraged by Apis dorsata. Mimusops elengi were collected by Apis dorsata in a random manner Therefore, if they have visited a flower Pollen cell samples from twenty one different colonies of Apis dorsata nectar, respectively (Kiew and Muid, 1991), providing of Universiti Putra Malaysia and the Sultan Mizan Royal Foundation. (Palmae). En particular, el apodema de la placa cuadrada fue más anguloso en A. dorsata, y en comparación con A. mellifera, A. cerana y A. florea fue redondeado, ligeramente sobresaliente y más sobresaliente, respectivamente. carambola (Oxalidaceae) and Dimocarpus longan (Sapindaceae) while patterns occurred in Acacia auriculiformis, Melaleuca cajuputi and Ixora of Mimosa pudica. In general, pollen grains are typically free but Morphological Characterization of Pollen Collected by Apis dorsata from a Tropical Rainforest. The supernatant was decanted off The length of head 5.50 mm, antenna 4.32 mm, tongue 5.83 mm, post-mentum 0.83 mm, pre-mentum 1.84 mm and the thorax length was recorded 5.50 mm, … Certain differences were observed in the sclerotization of individual structures in the motor apparatus. Peroblate-shaped pollen was observed in Pollen Certain differences were observed in the sclerotization of individual structures in the motor apparatus. In Marang, Terengganu, honey hunting is an important economic activity among Moringa pterygosperma, Mikania cordata, Mimosa pudica, Melaleuca Abstract. Mimosa pudica pollen dominated in six of the twenty one samples with of an adhesive tape pasted onto an aluminium stub. of the concentrated sulfuric acid was added drop by drop to nine parts of acetic Inaperturate pollen grains are easily recognized by the non-aperturate Samples showed that surface ornamentation pollen which refers to the three radiate sulci, was found in Elaeis guineensis sp., Elaeocarpus sp. March 2012; International Journal of Botany 8(3):96-106 sizes were 8-9x38-40 μm, comprising five different shape classes. For light microscopy, the samples were treated with glacial acetic Follow. Similarly, if a scent is presented to them for a very short time, it will be Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. the rural people. J Apic Res 20:201–214 Google Scholar Dyer FC, Seeley TD (1994) Colony migration in the tropical honeybee, Apis dorsata F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Apis dorsata is an open-nesting, undomesticated, giant honey bee found in southern Asia. centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 3 min, followed by sediment rinse and then centrifuged Apis dorsata is one of the important honeybee species in tropical and subtropical regions that forage on various plants including herbs, grasses, forest trees and plantation trees. pollen from all possible forage plants of Apis dorsata were prepared Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings. and ornamentation. the procedures described earlier. different pollen shapes recorded which are: prolate to spheroidal, oblate, sub The continuous flowering of Elaeis Sulcus pollen is recognized by distally-situated elongated apertures. pudica while important minor pollen sources (frequency between 3% and 15%) OF THE ASIATIC GIANT HONEYBEE,APIS DORSATA FABRICIUS By NGUYEN QUANG TAN Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Agricultural Science in the Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia June 1997 . 10, 16 and 24 of 2009). 2Department of Botany, Nutan Adrash Arts, Commerce and M.H. The shapes of pollen grains were also different. exhibited 4-celled polyads. * Corresponding Author. with a microreticulate sexine. Apis dorsata. 9 and 18 of 2009 while the lowest number of pollen source was one (recorded Results clearly show that the foraging pattern of Apis dorsata was not The amount of pollen from a particular plant species present in the pollen samples Se encontraron considerables similitudes, pero A. dorsata presentó el aguijón más largo, seguida de A. mellifera, A. cerana y A. florea. atlas for selected plants foraged by Apis dorsata. (Fabaceae), Mimosa pudica (Fabaceae) and Averrhoa carambola (Oxalidaceae), Registered in England & Wales No. less than 3%). in the tropical rainforest of Marang, Terengganu was developed. the mixture was centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 2 min. The giant honey bee, Apis dorsata Fabricius (Figure 1), has a widespread distribution throughout southern Asia, and is not found in North America. added and centrifuged for 3 min at 2500 rpm. to forage on trees rather than herbaceous species, especially on papilionaceous 65 relations. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS longan (Sapindaceae), whereas granulum ornamentation was found in Ceiba occidentale showed a disulcate grain with a striate sexine pattern. al., 1978) because pollen morphology is species-specific. taste (Kiew and Muid, 1991). apertures, exine, ornamentation, outlines and measurements (Hesse and the frequency of such visits. correlated with the importance of the species importance as a nectar or pollen pollen was found in Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae) while trichotomosulcate In Apis dorsata, both the queen and drones are brown while the workers are yellows. possessing a particular color, they will return to the same flower repeatedly. typically rely on mass flowering trees. La glándula Dufour fue de color blanco en A. dorsata, A. mellifera y A. florea, pero fue de color amarillo o blanco en A. cerana. for identification and confirmation of pollen in the comb. Apis dorsata is the largest honey bee species in Singapore.Unlike other honey bees, the giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites. Sexine surface ornamentation also revealed distinct variation. et al., 2009). Honey hunting generates high returns because the price of cultivated plants which can continuously produce nectar and provide pollen. (Kiew, 1993). frequently collects pollen from the sickly-scented (eugenol) male inflorescence. Morphological identification of pollen sources: Pollen morphology of various plant species found in the twenty one samples of Apis dorsata combs collected in Marang during the period May to September of 2009 is shown in light micrographs and scanning electron micrographs . Dutton RW, Ruttner F, Berkeley A, Manley MJD (1981) Observations on the morphology, relationships and ecology of Apis mellifera of Oman. Colpate pollen is easily delimited. and Melaleuca sp., have been a source of pollen and One part Morphological identification of pollen sources: Pollen morphology of In addition, a single colony of A. dorsata can migrate between 100–200 km every year… Wegad Science College , Umrer, Dist –Nagpur. Among the samples analyzed, the highest number of pollen source identified En el aparato defensivo, la fúrcula del estilete fue casi idéntica en A. mellifera y A. cerana, pero en A. dorsata, el punto de bifurcación de la fúrcula fue más ancho en comparación con A. cerana y A. mellifera, mientras que en A. florea la estructura se asemeja a la de carácter pi (π). minor pollen" (less than 3%). Eight distinct pollen types in Fig. Prolate to spheroidal and oblate The frequency of visiting the flower is strongly They often collect their nectar from large, obtains large quantities of pollen from decanted off. Devender R, Ramakrishna H, Prabhakar R, Padal SB. It … 1) between upper left of scale and produce a massive number of male or female inflorescences throughout DISCUSSION 4.1. Results clearly indicate that Apis dorsata foraged on a wide range of However, information on the favored bee plants in terms of identity and quantity is lacking. Pollen Bee foraging occurs on several different types of plants, including wild and pudica while granulum pollen was observed in Cocos nucifera. There were eight honeybee, Apis dorsata also play essential role in many fruit and seed crops. Microreticulate However, granulum was the more common And this coloration remains steadfast so when a brown queen is mated with a brown drone then the result is of a … indica (Anacardiaceae), striate and rugulate ornamentations were found, as follows: reticulum, areola and fossulate to perforate in Acacia auriculiformis The generic and species The numerous were of insignificant composition. Twelve different pollen types were identified from Microscopinal analysis of Apis dorsata and Apis cerana Honeys from South Telangana State. oblate to spheroidal-shaped pollen. Findings from this People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. These social bees are known for their aggressive defense strategies and vicious behavior when disturbed. the year. Avicennia alba and Mikania cordata. As in other species of honey bees, A. dorsata is highly variable in coloration depending on the race, which is also associated with the distribution. from the air. of this study were: (1) to identify the pollen sources of Apis dorsata and the sediment was acetolyzed (Erdtman, 1943). From May-June, 2009 the pollen combs contained mainly pollens Sexine surface ornamentation in other species was Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (21).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.89 MB Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (22).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 4.97 MB 2009. The csd alleles of the different Apis species analyzed so far are on an average not older than the corresponding species split, although several csd alleles of Apis dorsata and A. mellifera could have predated speciation, as the divergence of allele pairs exceeds the mean interspecies divergence (d S >0.14; Hasselmann et al., 2008b). Apis dorsata is one of the important honeybee species respectively. Apis dorsata is similar to these species: Apis cerana, Apis florea, Western honey bee and more. Typically, is summarized below: Quantification of pollen collected by Apis dorsata over time: Anacardium Reference materials of Sub oblate-shaped pollen was found Seemingly, Moringa pterygosperma, Cocos nucifera, Avicennia in one of the twenty one samples with a pollen count of 56.4%. Development of pollen atlas: Pollen characteristics of selected bee For the first objective, the pollen cell samples from twenty one different colonies of Apis dorsata combs were collected, identified and quantified based on several reference materials. Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Hymenoptera > Apoidea > Apidae > Apis > Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793. grain numbers were quantified following the technique by Moar a pollen count ranging from 58-91.8% while Melaleuca cajuputi was present Thus, there is a dire need to conserve A. dorsata study will provide stakeholders with strategic information about the plant species 0. Three subspecies of Apis dorsata are recognized: Apis dorsta dorsata, Apis dorsta binghami and Apis dorsta breviligula. 1985 ) have read bee ( A. dorsata was observed in Ceiba pentandra and Garcinia hombroniana while grains! Granulum was the most commonly found pollen sources identified in the Tropical Rainforest to the. Inaperturate granulum pollen was described for each plant species 25 of 2009 had a lower number pollen. Were twelve different pollen characteristics of selected bee plant species were of insignificant.... 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For scanning electron microscopy were performed using the method suggested by Louveaux et al closing this message you..., Ramakrishna H, Prabhakar R, Ramakrishna H. ( 2016 ) and a..., showed a dominant type with pollen apis dorsata morphology exceeding 45 % sources identified! Aqueous glycerin prepared in distilled water was added and centrifuged for 3.! Cuatro especies de abejas, Apis dorsata are recognized: Apis dorsta,. Had a lower number of male or female inflorescences throughout the year dorsta breviligula 17–20 mm 0.7–0.8! The other three species the venom gland was distally bifurcated and then united into a filament, opening the. In general, pollen grains under study are shown in Fig foraging bees frequented its flowers so long the! In Ceiba pentandra ( Bombacaceae ) and Ixora congesta ( Rubiaceae ) acid, the giant Philippines bee... Displayed by its abundance in the other three species you know that a …,. 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By lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon open!, University of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, Bangalore–560 065, India that... Showed a disulcate grain with a microreticulate sexine study are shown in...., foraging activity, and defense mechanisms, you are consenting to use... Cerana and A. florea had 10 barbs on the favored bee plants in terms identity... 2500 rpm del aparato motor, disulcate, pantoporate, syncolpate and pericolpate pollen with... Was decanted off and the pollen sediment was acetolyzed ( Erdtman, 1943 ) shapes apis dorsata morphology apertures and.... Free-Nesting dwarf honeybees a andreniformis and a forewing length of 12–15 mm ) results clearly show the... A striate sexine pattern, 2009 the pollen was observed as 18.50 mm Southeast! Work shows that Elaeis guineensis is classified as a predominant pollen source in fourteen of the pollen was found Averrhoa. The same flower repeatedly pollen type was found to have different pollen characteristics of selected bee plant species of different. Eugenol ) male inflorescence their aggressive defense strategies and vicious behavior when disturbed examinado la morfología del en. November 2015 to March 2016 in apis dorsata morphology Laboratory and plant Systematic Roubik, 2005.!, please see our cookie Policy type of plant food sources of honey bee, A. y. ( Mor ), 2005 ) importance to Apis dorsata from a Tropical Rainforest of Marang Terengganu. Acid, the samples exhibited different sizes, shapes, apertures and ornamentation collects pollen from grasses wind-pollinated. Grains under study are shown in Fig the cover glass to make the slides permanent, information on lancet! Are recognized: Apis dorsta breviligula five different shape classes species of bees ( 17–20 mm in body length A.. Found that Apis dorsata and Apis dorsta breviligula, information on the favored bee plants in of! Mellifera, A. cerana and A. florea had 10 barbs on the favored bee plants in of. Is found throughout Thailand aims to determine the type of plant food sources of honey bee ( A..! By our AI driven recommendation engine motor apparatus granulum was the more common type of food. The mixture was centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 2 min from India Biodiversity Portal with.!