From the Middle East, the government of Qatar sent a strategic transport aircraft (C-17), loaded with 50 tonnes of urgent relief materials and 26 members from the Qatari armed forces, the internal security force (Lekhwiya), police force and the Hamad Medical Corporation, to set up a field hospital and provide assistance in Port-au-Prince and other affected areas in Haiti. , Most of Port-au-Prince's municipal buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged, including the City Hall, which was described by The Washington Post as, "a skeletal hulk of concrete and stucco, sagging grotesquely to the left.  An estimated three million people were affected by the quake. The tremors were felt throughout the region. The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1.6 million, and almost no transitional housing had been built. Shaking damage was more severe than for other quakes of similar magnitude due to the quake's shallow depth. It is beyond comprehension.  The Australian government's travel advisory site had previously expressed concerns that Haitian emergency services would be unable to cope in the event of a major disaster, and the country is considered "economically vulnerable" by the Food and Agriculture Organization.  The Canadian navy vessel HMCS Halifax was deployed to the area on 18 January; the Canadians joined Colombian rescue workers, Chilean doctors, a French mobile clinic, and Sri Lankan relief workers who had already responded to calls for aid.  As of March 2017, around 7% of Haiti's population (around 800,665 people) have been affected with cholera, and 9,480 Haitians have died. Other nations from farther afield also sent personnel, medicines, materiel, and other aid to Haiti. Also, Haiti must absorb the 250,000 of its citizens returning from the Dominican Republic. 7.0 Magnitude Quake struck near Port au Prince 2. Almost a decade after the disastrous 2010 earthquake, Haiti has still not sufficiently recovered.  They were joined by the French Navy vessel Francis Garnier on 16 January, the same day the hospital ship USNS Comfort and guided-missile cruiser USS Bunker Hill left for Haiti. Fox said that in many instances rubble removal "means it was [moved] off someone's property onto the road in front of the property". Haiti Earthquake PDNA: Assessment of damage, losses, general and sectoral needs Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized. The song was later chosen as Coca-Cola's promotional anthem for the 2010 FIFA World Cup hosted by South Africa. These fees, known as interchange, generate $45 billion a year in revenue for the companies. Capital One, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover waived fees for donations to relief efforts. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019.  However, a study published in May 2010 suggested that the rupture process may have involved slip on multiple blind thrust faults with only minor, deep, lateral slip along or near the main Enriquillo–Plantain Garden fault zone, suggesting that the event only partially relieved centuries of accumulated left-lateral strain on a small part of the plate-boundary system. , Almost immediately Port-au-Prince's morgue facilities were overwhelmed. The earthquake shrank Haiti's gross domestic product by 5.1%. , Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is ranked 149th of 182 countries on the Human Development Index.  The United Nations peacekeeping force, widely believed responsible for the cholera outbreak, continues to refuse to accept responsibility, however, they have launched a $2.2 billion initiative to combat cholera and the construction of a $17 million teaching hospital in Mirebalais which will employ 800 Haitians and treat 185,000 people. October: A cholera outbreak begins and s…  Google Earth updated its coverage of Port-au-Prince on 17 January, showing the earthquake-ravaged city. , Former US president Bill Clinton acknowledged the problems and said Americans should "not be deterred from supporting the relief effort" by upsetting scenes such as those of looting. A number of nations, including the US, UK and Venezuela, are gearing up to send aid. “How VISA, Using Fees Behind its Credit Card, Dominates a Market,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. On average, a plane would land or take off every two minutes. Joel Boutroue, a Haitian government advisor, said that this number would cover "100 percent of the urban area", and observed that it would mean the Red Cross had served every city in Haiti. , US Vice President Joe Biden stated on 16 January that President Obama "does not view this as a humanitarian mission with a life cycle of a month. The European Union promised €330 million for emergency and long-term aid. 220,000 people estimated to have died 4.  Mass graves were dug in a large field outside the settlement of Titanyen, north of the capital; tens of thousands of bodies were reported as having been brought to the site by dump truck and buried in trenches dug by earth movers. Encylclopaedia Britannica. He went on to say that the number was rising instead of diminishing, and reported that the state had decided to first rebuild downtown Port-au-Prince and a new government center, but reconstruction had not yet begun.  An article published in Haiti's Le Matin newspaper in September 2008 cited comments by geologist Patrick Charles to the effect that there was a high risk of major seismic activity in Port-au-Prince. This group was part of the first responders who arrived days after the tragic earthquake. , About 64,000 people living in the three adjacent agricultural communities of Durissy, Morne a Chandelle, and Les Palmes were relatively unharmed because most of the people were working in the fields when the quakes struck. Even if this logistical logjam were to be cleared, the vast majority of Port-au-Prince residents, up to 85%, did not own their homes before the earthquake. Global Empowerment Mission Founder, Michael Capponi, responded in the first phase, of Haiti’s Earthquake on January 15, 2010, some of GEM’s founding board members led a group of firefighters, doctors and nurses to Haiti.  Venezuela and the US, which promised the major share of reconstruction funds, have disbursed only 24% and 30%, respectively. Brazil announced R$375 million for long-term recovery aid, R$25 million of which in immediate funds.  The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. The earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010 registered at 7.0 magnitude, with its epicentre 25 kilometres away from Port-au-Prince, the most densely populated area in the country. The report stated: "One year on, only five percent of the rubble has been cleared and only 15 percent of the required basic and temporary houses have been built. 7.  A rescue team sent by the Israel Defense Forces' Home Front Command established a field hospital near the United Nations building in Port-au-Prince with specialised facilities to treat children, the elderly, and women in labor. , The magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake occurred inland, on 12 January 2010 at 16:53 (UTC−05:00), approximately 25 km (16 mi) WSW from Port-au-Prince at a depth of 13 km (8.1 mi) on blind thrust faults associated with the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system and lasted less than 30 seconds. The hospitals had to perform many amputations. I can only think that their priority must be somewhere else. She blamed the international community for abandoning its commitments.  The most reliable academic estimate of the number of earthquake casualties in Haiti (over 95% were in the immediate Port-au-Prince area) "within six weeks of the earthquake" appears to be the 160,000 estimate in a 2010 University of Michigan study. There it caused flooding and 29 deaths according to local reporting. IDB. , On 5 February, ten Baptist missionaries from Idaho led by Laura Silsby were charged with criminal association and kidnapping for trying to smuggle 33 children out of Haiti. , Over the first weekend 130,000 food packets and 70,000 water containers were distributed to Haitians, as safe landing areas and distribution centers such as golf courses were secured.  Within the first nine hours, 32 aftershocks of magnitude 4.2 or greater were recorded, 12 of which measured magnitude 5.0 or greater; in addition, on 24 January, the US Geological Survey reported that there had been 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater since the main quake. A UN representative reported that the aftershock collapsed seven buildings in the town. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. , A 2007 earthquake hazard study by C. DeMets and M. Wiggins-Grandison noted that the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone could be at the end of its seismic cycle and concluded that a worst-case forecast would involve a 7.2 Mw earthquake, similar in size to the 1692 Jamaica earthquake.  The Canadian government worked to expedite around 100 adoption cases that were already underway when the earthquake struck, issuing temporary permits and waiving regular processing fees; the federal government also announced that it would cover adopted children's healthcare costs upon their arrival in Canada until they could be covered under provincially administered public healthcare plans. The head of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH), Hedi Annabi and his Deputy, Luiz Carlos da Costa, both died when the building housing the headquarters of the mission collapsed. A report found that, "The conditions in the displaced persons camps are abysmal, particularly for women and girls who too often are victims of gender‐based violence". By June the American Red Cross had transferred the rebuilding efforts to the Haitian Red Cross.. This will still be on our radar screen long after it's off the crawler at CNN. Notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. There is no evidence of surface rupture; based on seismological, geological and ground deformation data, it is also thought that the earthquake did not involve significant lateral slip on the main Enriquillo fault.  The Canadian ship HMCS Athabaskan reached the area on 19 January, and by 20 January some 250–300 Canadian personnel were assisting relief efforts in the town. Haiti In Ruins: A Look Back At The 2010 Earthquake : The Picture Show NPR photographer David Gilkey and correspondent Jason Beaubien were among those who rushed to Haiti … Haiti Earthquake. Haiti's economy is only one-tenth that of the United States.  Damage to the Port-au-Prince seaport rendered the harbor unusable for immediate rescue operations; its container crane subsided severely at an angle because of weak foundations. Due to copyright issue I have uploaded Orignal Video at: http://doiop.com/earthquake-damage The 2010 Haiti earthquake (French: Séisme de 2010 à Haïti; Haitian Creole: Tranblemanntè 12 janvye 2010 nan peyi Ayiti) was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne (Ouest) and approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. But Haiti's quake was 6.2 miles below the surface. Haiti’s Garment Industry: A Lost Cause, or Ready to Change? , Several orphanages were destroyed in the earthquake. , Prime Minister Bellerive announced that from 20 January, people would be helped to relocate outside the zone of devastation, to areas where they may be able to rely on relatives or better fend for themselves; people who have been made homeless would be relocated to the makeshift camps created by residents within the city, where a more focused delivery of aid and sanitation could be achieved. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. They also worked to push the international community to recognize the wave of evictions from camps that started as early as three months after the earthquake and to put protections in place, but little was done in response. Normally, credit cards charge a 1% to 3% fee for their use.  On 18 January 2010, the province of Quebec, whose largest city – Montreal – houses the world's largest Haitian diaspora, pledged C$3 million in emergency aid. The quake damaged 294,383 homes and destroyed 106,000 of them. Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. We have a very long way to go. In the area you have selected (Haiti) earthquake hazard is classified as medium according to the information that is currently available. Engineers have stated that it is unlikely many buildings would have stood through any kind of disaster. , Many countries responded to appeals for humanitarian aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. , President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal offered interested Haitians free land in Senegal; depending on how many respond to the offer, this could include up to an entire region. A US State Department spokesperson said the report had inconsistencies and would not be released until they were resolved. " By 20 January they had reached Petit-Goâve as well, where they set up two first-aid posts and distributed first-aid kits. Earthquake depth often has a large correlation to damage done, and the closer to the surface an earthquake occurs, the more likely it is to create widespread damage, according to the University of California, Santa Barbara.In turn, the depth of the Chile earthquake produced a different effect and released less energy into the Pacific though it had a similar magnitude to the recent quake in Japan. 800px-Haiti_Earthquake_building_damage.jpg. Most donors provided funds for transitional housing but very little money for clearing rubble or repairing houses".  According to estimates from the U.S. Geological Survey, approximately 3.5 million people lived in the area that experienced shaking intensity of MM VII to X, a range that can cause moderate to very heavy damage even to earthquake-resistant structures. Over 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake (293,383 in total), 1.5m people became homeless 6. After the quake there were 19 million cubic metres of rubble and debris in Port au Prince – enough to fill a line of shipping containers stretching end to end from London to Beirut.  Facebook was overwhelmed by—and blocked—some users who were sending messages about updates. [clarification needed] While 20% lacked functioning toilets, this is higher than the population outside tent cities, where 50% lack toilets. Illegally Given Protected Status, Krome detention center readied for possible influx of Haitians, Haitian orphans rushed to new homes abroad, "Haiti earthquake: Groups urge adoption freeze, believing kids' kin may be alive", "Church, immigrant groups plan to airlift Haitian orphans to S. Florida", "U.S. missionaries charged with kidnapping in Haiti - CNN", Canada hopes to 'fast-track' Haitian adoptions: Kenney, Haitians dig themselves out as quake damage slows outside aid, "Only one hospital open in Haiti's quake hit capital", "Haiti earthquake: ICRC sets up special website to facilitate family contacts", Patients overwhelm medical teams at Haiti clinics, "Fears of violence as Haitians grow desperate for water, food", More U.S. troops, relief supplies to arrive in Haiti today; rescue efforts continue as window narrows for survivors, "Strong aftershock shakes Haiti, week after earthquake", Aid plane turned away from Haiti airport, says medical charity, France and America bicker as Haiti aid fails to reach city, "Doctors Without Borders Plane with Lifesaving Medical Supplies Diverted Again from Landing in Haiti", "Canada determining how and where to direct relief to Haitians", "EU plays down talk of Haiti rift with US", "U.S. military says Haiti airport jam easing", La France critique la gestion de l'aéroport de Port-au-Prince, Beset by logistical challenges, Haiti relief presses on, Descoordenação atrapalha ajuda a vítimas do terremoto no Haiti, "U.S.: Haiti aid bottleneck is easing up – Haiti earthquake", "U.S.: Haiti aid bottleneck is easing up", U.S. Carrier Carl Vinson Joins Relief Efforts, "Vinson Helicopters Perform Medical Evacuations; "Sea Base" On the Way", "Top Navy Doc Predicts Long USNS Comfort Deployment", "Bunker Hill en route to help Haiti mission", "Bienvenue sur le site consacré au TCD Siroco – Page d'accueil", At Haiti roadblock, a lesson in power dynamics, "With the Military in Haiti: Breaking the Supply Logjam", "In Haiti, the Jacmel cathedral clock stopped at 5:37 pm", "Canadian Forces head to port town of Jacmel", "O'Brien: Haiti's cultural core suffers, too", "Symbol of Hope rescued from rubble in Haitian church", "Haiti quake victims' bodies 'piled up by roads, "HMCS Athabaskan, Halifax to be in Haiti early Tuesday", "Canada's big task in Haiti starts on small airstrip", "Haiti earthquake: reaching victims outside the capital", Haiti earthquake: ICRC expands relief effort, U.N.: Over 70 Rescued From Haitian Rubble, "Taiwanese search team rescues two survivors in Haiti", USNS Grasp, Divers Arrive in Port-au-Prince, Begin Port Assessments, Haiti pier opens, road laid into Port-au-Prince, "UN Urges Haiti Coordination as Supplies Flood Airport", "U.S. Fleet Forces Commander Provides Update on Navy Contributions to Haiti Relief Efforts", "Maritime Force Serves as Cornerstone of Relief Operations in Haiti", "Haiti quake victim rescue operation declared over", "10 Americans charged with kidnapping in Haiti", Freed from Haiti, missionary returns 'with mixed emotions', "Apps of Kindness: Crisis Camp Launches 3 New Web Apps for Haiti", "Home grown website to help Haitians rebuild", "How Can Technology Help Haiti? She writes about the U.S. Economy for The Balance. In addition to earthquakes, it has been struck frequently by tropical cyclones, which have caused flooding and widespread damage. These had to be buried in mass graves.. ", The Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, Let Haiti Live, and the Center for Constitutional Rights have recommended immediate changes to recovery efforts to ensure that critical human rights concerns are addressed. , On 10 April, due to the potential threat of mudslides and flooding from the upcoming rainy season, the Haitian government began operations to move thousands of refugees to a more secure location north of the capital. A donors' conference was expected to be held at the UN headquarters in New York in March, however, took more than three months to hold the UN conference. NPR found that the project was riddled with "multiple staffing changes", bureaucratic delays and a language barrier, as many of the Red Cross officials spoke neither French nor Haitian Creole.  Haiti is no stranger to natural disasters. By 14 January, a thousand bodies had been placed on the streets and pavements.  However, as late as 8 February 2010, survivors were still being discovered, as in the case of Evan Muncie, 28, found in the rubble of a grocery store. More than 600,000 people left Port-au-Prince to stay with families outside the capital.  Running short of medical supplies, some teams had to work with any available resources, constructing splints out of cardboard and reusing latex gloves. In January 2011, one year after the quake, Oxfam published a report on the status of the recovery. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.  Most of these workers were initially involved in the search for survivors at the organization's collapsed headquarters..  Ophelia Dahl, director of Partners in Health, reported, "there are hundreds of thousands of injured people. When asked why the road had not been opened, Hazem el-Zein, head of the south-east division of the UN World Food Programme said that "We ask the same questions to the people in charge...They promise rapid response. , In Jacmel, a city of 50,000, the mayor claimed that 70 percent of the homes had been damaged and that the quake had killed 300 to 500 people and left some 4,000 injured. Half the representation on the commission was given to foreigners who effectively bought their seats by pledging certain amounts of money. Kimberly Amadeo has 20 years of experience in economic analysis and business strategy. This trade agreement boosted Haiti's apparel industry by allowing duty-free exports to the United States. It was simply designed as a vehicle for donors to funnel multinationals' and NGOs' project contracts.  Lt. Gen. P.K. They are offering a hopeful vision for the country, based on a just transformation and rooted in liberty, equality, and fraternity. In 2016, Hurricane Matthew set back rebuilding efforts. “Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Only Capital One waived fees for all charitable donations made through their credit cards. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.  Although US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates had previously ruled out dropping food and water by air as too dangerous, by 16 January, US helicopters were distributing aid by drops to areas impossible to reach by land. earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010. That's better than the $12 billion produced in 2008. A poor neighbourhood shows the damage after an earthquake measuring 7 plus on the Richter scale rocked Port au Prince Haiti just before 5 pm yesterday, January 12, 2009. The supercarrier USS Carl Vinson arrived at maximum possible speed on 15 January with 600,000 emergency food rations, 100,000 ten-litre water containers, and an enhanced wing of 19 helicopters; 130,000 litres of drinking water were transferred to shore on the first day.  US officials acknowledged that coordination of the relief effort is central to Haitian recovery. , In October, a cholera epidemic broke out, probably introduced by United Nations peacekeepers.  By 8 February 2010, the federal International Co-operation Department, through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), had already provided about C$85 million in humanitarian aid through UN agencies, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and to organizations such as CARE, Médecins du Monde, Save the Children, Oxfam Quebec, the Centre for International Studies and co-operation, and World Vision. Haiti is also vulnerable to damage from natural disasters because of deforestation. That is partly because two-fifths of all Haitians are subsistence farmers. President Bush had signed the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity Through Partnership Encouragement Act in 2006.  President Préval asked for calm coordination between assisting nations without mutual accusations.  Workers from the charity Save the Children reported hearing "already weakened structures collapsing" in Port-au-Prince, but most sources reported no further significant damage to infrastructure in the city. According to a US Air Force captain who had coordinated flight schedules, nearly all groups sending aid insisted their shipment was urgent. Specifically, we learned that […] Really.  The Dominican emergency team assisted more than 2,000 injured people, while the Dominican Institute of Telecommunications (Indotel) helped with the restoration of some telephone services. We’ve been learning more about the damage caused by last Saturday’s earthquake. , According to the International Monetary Fund, more than half of the 10,000,000 cubic metres (13,000,000 cu yd) of debris have been removed, and 20% of it has been recycled.  Preliminary analysis of the slip distribution found amplitudes of up to about 4 m (13 ft) using ground motion records from all over the world. We are pleased to present you with the results of the post-disaster needs assessment conducted in Haiti " Land ownership posed a particular problem for rebuilding because so many pre-quake homes were not officially registered. Foreword. They were sliding past each other. The deputy mayor of Léogâne, which was at the epicenter of the earthquake, reported that 90% percent of the buildings in that city had been destroyed and Léogâne had … Human Rights Watch. It was reported that gang leaders and land owners were intimidating the displaced and that sexual, domestic, and gang violence in and around the camps was rising. , Appeals for humanitarian aid were issued by many aid organizations, the United Nations and president René Préval. 1 Haiti PDNA 2010. ", An MSF aircraft carrying a field hospital was repeatedly turned away by US air traffic controllers, who had assumed control at Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport.  MINUSTAH had over 9,000 uniformed peacekeepers deployed to the area. As a result of the 2010 earthquake, more than 400,000 Haitians continue to live in tents and experienced the storm without adequate shelter. The most-watched telethon in history aired on 22 January, called "Hope for Haiti Now," raising US$58 million by the next day.  According to Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), Radio Lumière, which broadcasts out of Port-au-Prince and reaches 90% of Haiti, was initially knocked off the air, but it was able to resume broadcasting across most of its network within a week.  The government handed over control of the airport to the United States to hasten and ease flight operations, which had been hampered by the damage to the air traffic control tower. LiveScience. That made it difficult for relief efforts to reach the victims. Some began reporting having expended stocks of critical medical supplies such as antibiotics by 17 January. Crime in the camps was widespread, especially against women and girls. A poor neighbourhood shows the damage after an earthquake measuring 7 plus on the Richter scale rocked Port au Prince Haiti just before 5 pm yesterday, January 12, 2010. These fees cover transaction costs and are charged for all credit card use. At least 10 people were killed after a magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck near Haiti on Saturday night, according to Haiti's civil protection agency. , Towns in the eastern Dominican Republic began preparing for tens of thousands of refugees, and by 16 January hospitals close to the border had been filled to capacity with Haitians. Other rescue units had to withdraw as night fell, amid security fears. The Haiti earthquake didn't impact the U.S. economy much. , The quake seriously damaged the control tower at Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport.  There are concerns that the main earthquake could be the beginning of a new long-term sequence: "the whole region is fearful"; historical accounts, although not precise, suggest that there has been a sequence of quakes progressing westwards along the fault, starting with an earthquake in the Dominican Republic in 1751. Prime Minister Bellerive told delegates from 20 countries that Haiti would need "massive support" for its recovery from the international community. When the two jagged edges catch, they hold at first. ", On 25 August 2012, recovery was hampered due to Tropical Storm Isaac impacting Haiti's southern peninsula. " However, several organizations were planning an airlift of thousands of orphaned children to South Florida on humanitarian visas, modelled on a similar effort with Cuban refugees in the 1960s named "Pedro Pan". Retrieved 17 January 2010, Marrapodi, Eric, Lawrence, Chris, Hall, Rick, Phillips, Rich, Watson, Ivan and Candiotti, Susan, Charles, Jacqueline, Trenton, Daniel, Clark, Lesley, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti, United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, responded to appeals for humanitarian aid, Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Humanitarian response by national governments to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Humanitarian response by non-governmental organizations to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Humanitarian response by for-profit organizations to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Timeline of relief efforts after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Canadian International Development Agency, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Haiti's 2010 Earthquake Caused Lasting Damage", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", Lessons to be learned from Haiti's tsunami, "Tens of thousands isolated at quake epicentre", "As Haiti mourns, quake survivor found in rubble", "Red Cross: 3M Haitians Affected by Quake", "Haiti quake death toll rises to 230,000", "Archbishop of Port-Au-Prince Dies in Haiti Quake", "Boschafter: Mehrere Minister unter den Toten", "Briefing by Martin Nesirky, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, and Jean Victor Nkolo, Spokesperson for the President of the General Assembly", "Soundscapes of Disaster and Humanitarianism: Survival Singing, Relief Telethons, and the Haiti Earthquake", "Haiti: bilancio del terremoto, 111.499 vittime", "Tremblements de terre en Haïti, mythe ou réalité ? 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